It has retained closer political and economic ties to Russia than have any of the other former Soviet republics. Belarus and Russia signed a treaty on a two-state union on 8 December 1999 envisioning greater political and economic integration. Although Belarus agreed to a framework https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/european-women/belarusian-women/ to carry out the accord, serious implementation has yet to take place and current negotiations on further integration have been contentious. Since his election in July 1994 as the country’s first and only directly elected president, Alyaksandr LUKASHENKA has steadily consolidated his power through authoritarian means and a centralized economic system. Government restrictions on political and civil freedoms, freedom of speech and the press, peaceful assembly, and religion have remained in place. Restrictions on political freedoms have grown increasingly strained following the disputed presidential election in August 2020.
In the past, observers reported authorities threatened individuals who refused to work with fines or unpaid premium compensation. However, contrary to previous years, approximately 500,000 citizens abstained from participating in the national subbotnik in 2020, and observers did not report any retaliation for nonparticipation. A media report noted workers at a state-run hospital expressed fear of reprisals in the form of withholding of wages if they failed to participate. Government decrees announcing subbotniks are required to state their https://www.consertodeiphonerecife.com.br/2022/12/30/2023-mexican-women-dating-guide-everything-you-need-to-know/ voluntary nature. The authorities have previously corrected subbotnik announcements that fell afoul of the law and rebuked implicated officials.
- Traditionally, caring for children under the age of 14 is often left to mothers, and the fathers often do not interfere.
- All the three languages use the Cyrillic alphabet, with minor modifications in Ukrainian and Belarusian.
- First, will not expect the night out to be simply because young as you are!
- Lukashenka barred human rights groups and journalists from accessing the camps until November, when they were given limited access.
In the current functioning contract system, the contract itself is, in fact, a short-term employment agreement. Consequently, it turns out that the contract cannot be canceled due to the employee’s own free will. Let us say in real life it happens that a person has found a better job or vice versa, that family emergency requires you to stay at home for longer – but you are not allowed to. Officially, the contract can be terminated only upon the agreement of the parties, i.e. if the employer is against the dismissal of an employee, then it will be difficult for him/her to be fired. Indeed, Belarus provides a long-term paid maternal leave for childcare (the so-called “maternity leave”). However, the level of these state guarantees, as well as the level of salaries, is very low. Only pregnant women, women with children under 3 years old and with disabled children are more or less protected by law under the contract system.
After she was filmed telling a police officer https://doitstudio.kz/2023/02/08/norwegian-women/ “I am just out for a walk,” many protesters adopted the slogan. But as Lukashenko struggles to quash the unrest, it appears the government is changing its tactic — cracking down on female protesters. Mirochnik said while she thinks Kolesnikova’s arrest will not slow down the protests, people have taken her detention as “a personal insult.” Kolesnikova, with her signature bleached blonde hair and red lipstick, has walked alongside protesters in rallies, boldly approaching riot police, demanding that mass detentions stop.
Belarusian Women as the Agents of the Coming Change
With protests carrying on, Antoniuk struggled to say how long the political crisis might take to resolve. From the weekly protests to the leaders organizing and calling for change, women have had a strong presence. A compelling and unavoidable theme of Belarus’ popular protest movement calling for the removal of Lukashenko, now into its sixth week, is the central role played by women. The 26-year-old copywriter was taking part in a protest against the detention of an opposition leader, one of many demonstrations since Belarus’ authoritarian leader, Alexander Lukashenko, was named the winner of a contested election on Aug. 9. From the weekly protests to the leaders organizing and calling for change, Belarusian women have had a strong presence.
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives
Now, there is a plenty of secondary regulations that are out of the Labor Code and govern precisely this contract system. Because the article 17 of the new version of the Labor Code stipulates that conclusion of fixed-term contracts is prohibited in cases of permanent https://mediafeedia.com/study-of-women-and-gender-dominican-university/ types of work.
Women cannot be employed to work with vibro- and pneumatic tools, they are prohibited from working in closed containers and sewage wells. In addition, women cannot produce paint and insulating work in tight compartments and work towards the production of technical products at the meat products production. Women may also not charge and repair acid and alkaline batteries, be a diver, a coppersmith, a bricklayer. However, this diagram illustrates that in the first half of 2017, “female” professions are predominant in terms of the number of laid-off workers, while “male” occupations are higher in terms of the number of recruited employees. Net recruitment and dismissal (-) by type of economic activity in April 2017, persons. As reported by the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus, only 12.4% of citizens have a monthly income of 600 rubles ($ 310) for the first quarter of this year.
Belarusian women have no money for extra-curricular activities and studies, as well as they cannot afford to pay for meals at schools and for school supplies (although sometimes it’s just lack of access to the information). Average wages at an illegal job in Lithuania constitutes 3-4 Euro per hour.